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给宠物主的关于宠物骨关节炎的信息

什么是骨关节炎?

关节由软骨和软结缔组织组成,作为骨骼之间的减震器,提供低摩擦的表面,允许相邻骨骼独立运动。 关节炎导致或结缔组织发炎。 由于关节的磨损而导致疼痛和僵硬。

骨关节炎(关节炎)是一种影响宠物和宠物主人的疾病,然而,不幸的是,宠物的这种病症经常被误诊,尤其是在疾病的早期阶段。对于狗和猫,关节炎通常由退行性或发育性疾病或通过直接损伤关节(例如撕裂韧带)引起。年老的动物更容易受到关节炎的影响,不仅仅是因为它们老了,而是因为它们有更多的机会造成关节损伤。

关节是由软骨和软性结缔组织构成的,它们充当骨头之间的减震器,提供一个低摩擦的表面,使相邻的骨头能够独立运动。关节炎导致软骨退化或结缔组织发炎。由于关节的磨损而导致疼痛和僵硬。

有什么临床征兆要注意?

不幸的是,大多数关节炎病例由于缺乏对病情和治疗方案的了解而未得到诊断和治疗。 狗有这病会像人得了关节炎一样遭受真切的痛苦,但问题在于他们不能传达这种痛。

因为宠物主知道狗的性格,通过发现宠物正常体能的变化来识别宠物是否具有关节炎的早期症状,

狗或猫可能患有关节炎的迹象,包括:

  • 不愿走路或玩耍
  • 休息后难以起床
  • 难以爬楼梯
  • 跳进汽车或坐在椅子上很困难
  • 跛行或僵硬
  • 改变性格或变得具有攻击性
  • 减少与人的互动
  • 食欲下降
  • 焦虑感增强
  • 舔或自我伤害
  • 去厕所里面

什么治疗可用

有许多治疗方法可以缓解宠物的关节炎。 所有这些治疗都被注册来用于狗。

1)治疗关节炎的根本

诊断和治疗任何可能导致关节炎的疾病,尤其对于年轻动物,都是非常重要的。 髋关节和肘关节发育不良和十字韧带部分断裂是年轻动物的疾病,不仅需要治疗关节炎,而且(如果不加控制的话)会导致宠物终身衰弱。在年龄较大的狗身上,可能会有更隐秘的原因导致它们跛脚和关节炎,例如癌症。麻醉和x光是诊断这些问题的常用方法。

2)聚硫酸戊聚糖注射剂(Cartrophen)

每周注射4次,为软骨再生提供构建物并提供一定消炎的止痛。 通常,第三次注射就能显露药效。每套疗程持续约6个月。 这套治疗通常是在开始治疗关节炎时推荐的。这种治疗方法注册在狗身上,但它已经在猫中被成功地使用。

3)非甾体类抗炎药

非甾体类抗炎药可以长期使用,也可用来减少关节炎引起的炎症。有小药片,咀嚼片,或者蜂蜜味的液体,让你的宠物很容易食用。如果你的宠物需要长期的消炎治疗,大多数情况下需要验血。兽医在开任何处方消炎药之前必须进行身体检查。

4)强效止痛药

强力镇痛药物,如Tramadol,已经常被医生开具为处方药作为关节炎治疗的一部分。这可以大大提高你的宠物的生活质量,而且通常它们的副作用比非甾体类抗炎药对敏感动物的副作用小。

5)氨基葡萄糖/软骨素补充剂

这些营养补品通常为人类而设,但是现在有专门为狗设计的产品,叫做“Glyde”,“Joint Guard”(中性味道)和“Sasha’s Blend”(腥味)。 这些产品通常是粉末状的,可以与食物或零食混合每天使用。这种营养剂可以在关节炎的所有阶段使用或用来预防关节炎来维持良好健康。 对于严重的关节炎,它们可以与非甾体类抗炎药(如上所述)联合使用。

6)减肥计划Hills Science Diet R/D减肥餐

许多超重宠物的主人非常沮丧,因为他们不给宠物喂食太多的食物。然而,当宠物得了关节炎时,它们锻炼更困难,而且超重的宠物会给关节施加更大的压力从而使病情恶化。在某些情况下,只要减肥就可以减轻关节炎。我们使用Hills Science diet R/D这种处方食粮来为宠物减肥取得了很大的成功,它旨在让狗或猫在减肥时保持饱腹感。它不是一个完整的食粮,所以在减肥完成后,你的宠物应该被喂食能维持健康的体重的清淡食粮。另一种名为“vet -a- slim”(咀嚼片)的新补充剂现在可以用来改善超重患者减轻体重。

7)处方食粮Hills Science Diet J/D关节饮食

有一种叫做“Hills Science diet J/D”的极好的给狗的新处方减肥法,它通过添加通过添加欧米茄-3脂肪酸和氨基葡萄糖和软骨素促进健康的关节。

8)常规锻炼

温和、有规律的运动对关节炎很有帮助。它促进关节运动,关节液的分泌和营养物质流到关节,所有这些都减缓了关节炎的恶化。

请致电9498 3000与高登动物医院联系,与护士、兽医讨论上述要点或预约您的宠物来诊。或者你可以发电子邮件到info@gordonvet.com.au

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Gordon Vet Hospital
4.8
Based on 104 reviews
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Jayna Hirani
Jayna Hirani
03:43 09 Apr 20
Quality care and advice at every visit. The staff are friendly and informative and genuinely care about your pets. I am 100% confident that my cat and dog always receive the best pet healthcare and as pet parents that's all we want.
Marianne Broeng
Marianne Broeng
23:23 28 Jan 20
Gordon Vet has looked after my golden retriever since she was 9 weeks. Everyone has been amazing and caring with lots of experience. I have been able to ask any questions and always been welcome. Even one day when she stepped on a bee in the evening, they stayed open until we got there and helped her get it out. Thanks to all the staff :-)
Lizzie Wei
Lizzie Wei
00:56 18 Jan 20
We just moved to Gordon couple month ago and need to get my cat vaccinated. We found this hospital through google and I need to say they provide excellent service and very professional! The doctor really knows cat. Highly recommended!
Lara Bisley
Lara Bisley
08:15 27 Nov 19
Exceptional veterinary hospital. I have been taking my dog here for many years and although I now live in the Eastern Suburbs, I still drive across town to see the Vets at Gordon. The staff are highly skilled, compassionate, friendly and helpful. My 9 year old dog has had 2 knee operations (1 on each knee!) and the outcome of these surgeries far exceeded my expectations. I have been incredibly impressed with the care provided during all of our visits. I would highly recommend Gordon Vet Hospital.
Eugenie Goodyer
Eugenie Goodyer
23:22 21 Oct 19
Very friendly staff. Wonderful care for all our animals A++
Jennie Keogh
Jennie Keogh
06:36 21 Oct 19
Fantastic and friendly staff who you can tell really care about your pet. Their follow up service is also very reassuring. I also board my cat with Gordon Vet and I feel very comfortable to know he's in safe and caring hands. I'm so glad I found this clinic.
Newsha Amiri
Newsha Amiri
20:24 03 Oct 19
We took our dog there and Dr. David take care of his skin issues. he was so caring and professional.
Luxe Sydney Mum
Luxe Sydney Mum
06:37 02 Sep 19
Compassionate, caring and highly skilled veterinary surgeons who treat their patients and owners with respect. The nursing and administration staff are efficient and remember their patients by name which is a lovely touch. A lovely vet practice which despite our Golden Retriever Finn’s complex medical history, is always welcoming to him and he never displays any signs of anxiety when attending. Dr Helen is lovely and a firm favourite of ours!
Lihong Xing
Lihong Xing
05:00 05 Nov 18
Highly recommend Dr David, Scott, Helen, and Catherine, I've taken my cat to see all the doctors here.
Jeremy Tarbox
Jeremy Tarbox
22:55 10 Sep 18
We found a stray, agitated dog in front of our house last night. We phoned but got no help from the Council ranger who gave two options: tie him up in front yard overnight or "let him loose, he'll find his own way home" :( So we phoned Gordon Vet: they stayed open a few minutes so we could run him up and he could have a bed and dinner. Thank you Gordon Vet Hospital, hope he gets home soon!!! :)
Vishal Kapoor
Vishal Kapoor
01:52 04 Sep 18
Really amazing staff members. Their systems and processes are also very
Gerry Stevens
Gerry Stevens
11:01 14 Jul 18
Good competant vet. Did what I needed. Staff friendly. Cat's well.
Arezu A
Arezu A
03:20 15 Feb 18
Absolutely love the service here. I switched from other Vets to this Vet as the staff here are quite attentive and really care about your furry baby! I have basically seen most of the Dr's here and all of them so far have been fantastic, friendly and fun to speak with! Easy to locate and enough parking available! 5 Stars indeed!
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